Tokoh Politik, ekonomi, Filsuf – Karya Literatur (Buku), Konsepnya dan Spektrum Politik Kiri-Kanan

 

 

NAMA BUKU CONCEPT KETERANGAN*
 
PLATO THE REPUBLIC PHILOSOPHER KING
Adolf Hitler Mein kampf Mad men in authority Facism
ARISTOTELES THE POLITICS IDEAL CONSTITUTION

ZOON POLITICON

MAP – TOD

(Monarchy-Aristocracy-Politea) – (Tirany-Oligarchy-Democracy)

KARL MARX Capital

Communist manifesto

Komunisme *)

 

marxisme  *)

Father of twentieth-century communism

*)Marxism : belief in historical materialism, dialectical change and the use of class analysis.

*)komunism : prinsip kepemilikan kekayaan, komusism sering disamakan dengan prinsip2 marxist

ADAM SMITH THE WEALTH OF NATION FREE MARKET *)

Invisible Hands **)

*) Free Market : bebas campur tangan pemerintah

**) Menjelaskan cara kerja ekonomi dalam pasar

FRIEDRICH VON HAYEK CONSTITUTION OF LIBERTY

Law legislation and liberty

1. Individualism

2. Market order

3. Implacable critic of socialism

 

NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI

 

THE PRINCE

 

Alasan dan Tujuan negara

 

The prince ditulis untuk pangeran masa depan di itali

 

JOHN RAWLS

 

A Theory Of Justice

 

JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS

Belief that social inequality can be justified only if it is of benefit to the leasts advantaged
 

THOMAS PAINE

Common Sense (1776)

Rights Of Man (1791)

The Age Of Reason (1794)

 

Political DEMOCRACY

Radikalisme nya menyatukan komitmen untuk kebebasan berpolitik dengan keyakinan mendalam pada kedaulatan
 

 

Jurgen Habermas

 

Theory and Practice (1974)

Towards a rational society

Theory of Communicative Competence (1984, 1988)

 

Nature Of Rationality

 

Dynamics of Advanced Capitalism

Habermas’ work ranges over epistemology, the dynamic of advanced capitalism, the nature of rationallity, and the relationship between social science and philosophy
 

John Maynard Keynes

Economic Consequences of the peace (1919),

General theory of employment, interest and money (1936)

 

 

MACROECONOMICS

Establishing the dicipline now known as macroeconomic.

*)Multipler Effect :mekanisme yang merubah jumlah permintaan dan meningkatkan pendapatan nasional

Herbert Marcuse Reason and revolution (1941)

Eros and civilization(1985)

One dimensional men…

 

Neo-marxism

THOMAS AQUINAS SUMMA THEOLOGICA SCHOLATISM
 

 

John Stuart Mill

Liberty (1859)

Consideration on representatine government

Subjection of women(1869)

 

Neo-liberalism

 

Divide between classical and modern liberalism (Lihat hal.48, “Politics” Andrew Heywood, Edisi ketiga)

 

 

MAX WEBER

 

Protestan ethic and the spirit of capitalism (1902)

Economy and society(1922)

Sociology of religion (1920)

 

3 kinds of authority:

-Traditional authority

-Charismatic authority

-Legal-rational authority

 

Thomas Hobbes

LEVIATHAN

Leviathan

Social contract.

 

JEREMY BENTHAM

 

Principles of moral and legislation(1789)

Fragments on government(1776)

 

Utilitarian

Natural rights: god given rights that are fundamental to human being and therefore inalienable

 

Keith Boulding

 

Three Faces of powers

 

Membedakan bentuk2 kekuasaan

1.use of force/intimidation

2.productive exchange involving mutual gain/the deal

3.creation of obligation,loyalty and commitment(the kiss)

 

Andrew Heywood

 

Politics (third edition)

 

Faces Of Power

-Power  as decision making

-Power as agenda setting

-Power as thought control

 

John Locke

-A letter concerning toleration(1689)

-Two treaties of government(1690)

 

liberalism

Locke was a key thinker in the development of early liberalism

 

 

Mary Wollstonecraft

 

A vindication of the rights of women

 

feminism

Stressed the equalmrights of women, especially the right of education, on the basis of ‘personhood’
 

 

Jean Jaques ROUSSEAU

(JJ. ROUSSEAU)

 

The Social contract.*

Emile.**

Confessions.***

 

General will

*)advocates a radical form of democracy that has influenced liberals, socialist,anarchist and some world argue, fascist thought.

**)rousseau political teaching summarized

***)examines his life with remarkable candour and demonstrates a willingness to expose his faults and weakness

 

 

 

Political Spectrum

 

LEFT (Spektrum Kiri)………………………………….  RIGHT (Spektrum Kanan)

 

Liberty

Authority

Equality

Hierarchy

Fraternity

Order

Rights

Duties

Progress

Tradition

Reform

Reaction

internationalism

Nationalism

 

 

 

 


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